National and City Parks were Not Intended for Us/Los parques nacionales y de la cuidad no eran para nosotrxs

MarcusGarveyParkFlores

This NPR article below about Seneca Village in what later became Central Park in NYC is very useful in demonstrating how the construction of parks often has meant the displacement of people of color who lived there long before this exercise in green urban and rural planning happened.  This construction has too many times happened in so-called unpeopled land, set asides for bougie people to use, who often tend to be white.

http://n.pr/1O9iaXE

Where is unpeopled land, which has never really existed, except in the mind and colonizer ideology of the Europeans, and they knew better.  These spaces were not empty, but actually “other” people’s places, following Doreen Massey.  Terra nullius, or so-called no one’s land, was a perfect justification for land grabs for those who sought to take it as a commodity and had the power to do so.  My professor, Hester Eisenstein in Feminism Seduced  How Global Elites Use Women’s Labor and Ideas to Exploit the World exposes John Locke and his European men’s posse for what they were in their racist land grabs – “Representing the point of view of improving landlords such as Lord Shaftesbury, his sponsor, Locke held that it was not just the ownership of property that gives man the right to the land, but also the work of improving it, developing methods of intensified cultivation, and producing crops for export.  So, since Indigenous peoples were not capitalists, they did not their land was up for grabs. “If the unimproved lands of the Americas represented nothing but ‘waste’, it was a divinely ordained duty for Europeans to enclose and improve them, just as ‘industrious’ and ‘rational’ men had done in the state of nature.  ‘In the beginning all the World was America…,’ with no money, no commerce, no improvement'” (2009 78).

And as we can see, that construction of improvement is really working out, given the amount of climate change and environmental devastation this commodifying model of land has brought us.

And one of my other professors, Cindi Katz, and Andrew Kirby make this even more abundantly clear in their article “In the Nature of Things:  the Environment of Everyday Life” in relation to the displacement necessary for the construction of national parks as – “simulcra, copies without an original.  As the construction of primordial nature, Yosemite Valley works so well that when visitors view it, choked with vehicular traffic and clogged with users of all kinds, they still come away with the sense that they have experienced nature in its pure form.” (1991 266)

So, it seems to me, as we enjoy nature, which we humans are a part of and not above, with the rest of the environment, we keep in mind the costs of de-peopled nature, as we sew/heal our relationships back together, making clear that it is peopled and that we can sustain our lives in it.
IMG00063-20111107-1120My sweet bestie, Lisa, fighting against displacement from the land/Mi querida mejor amiga Lisa, luchando contra el desplazamiento de la tierra

Este articulo del Radio Público Nacional abajo sobre Seneca Village, que después fue convirtio en el Parque Central en la Cuidad de Nueva York es muy útil para mostrar como la construcción de parques muchas veces significaba el deslojo de gente de color, quienes hace tiempo vivian en esos espacios antes de este ejercicio en la planificación verde de espacios urbanos y rurales.  Muchas veces, esto ocurrio en tierra sin gente, tierra reservada para el uso de la burguesia, muchas veces gente blanca.

http://n.pr/1O9iaXE

Donde existe la tierra sin gente, nunca la hubo, menos en la mente y la ideología colonizadora de los Europeos, y ellos reconocian la realidad.  Estos espacios, de hecho, nunca fueron vacios, pero eran puestos de “otros” pueblos, sigiendo a Doreen Massey.  Terra nullius, o sea, la tierra del tal nadie, fue una justificación perfecta para robar la tierra para ellos quienes la querian convertir en mercancia, y tenia el poder de hacerlo.  Mi profesora, Hester Eisenstein en Feminism Seduced  How Global Elites Use Women’s Labor and Ideas to Exploit the World desenmascara a John Locke y sus hombresitos quienes eran en sus despojos racistas de tierra – “Representando el punto de vista del Lore Shaftesbury, su patrón, Locke pensaba que no era solamente el hecho de ser dueño de propriedad que le daba el derecho a la tierra, pero además el trabajo de mejorarla, el desarrollar metodos de cultivación intensiva, y la producción de la cosecha para exportación.” De hecho, los pueblos Indígenas no eran capitalistas, entonces la tierra era de quien la quería. ‘Sí las tierras no mejoradas de las Americas representaban nada más que desperdicio, era el deber divinamente ordenado que los Europeos de encerrarlas y mejorarlas, justamente como los hombres ‘industriosos’ y ‘racionales’ lo habia hecho en el estado de la naturaleza. ‘Al inicio, todo el mundo era ‘America…,’ sin plata, ni comercio ni mejoramiento'” (2009 78).

Y como vemos, esa construcción del mejoramiento sirve dado el nivel de cambio climatico y la devastación del medio ambiente que resulta de dicho modelo de la mercancia de la tierra.

Y una de mis otras profesoras, Cindi Katz, y Andrew Kirby, hacen esto aun más claro en su articulo ” “In the Nature of Things: the Environment of Everyday Life” en relación al desplazamiento necesario para construir parques nacionales como, “simulcra, copias sin original. En la construcción de la naturaleza primordial, el Valle de Yosemite, es tan efectivo que aun cuando los visitantes lo ven, ahorcado con trafico de vehiculos, y lleno de todo tipo de usarios, salen con el sentido que tuvieron una experiencia de la naturaleza en su forma pura.” (1991 266)

Entonces me parece que mientras nos divertimos en la naturaleza, la cual somos parte como humanos, y no nos plantamos en cima de ella, pero con ella, tomamos en cuenta los costos de una naturaleza depojada de gente, cosemos/sanamos nuestras relaciones, aclarando que sí tiene gente, y que podemos sostenernos en ella.

Thanks so much for checking out my blog & taking the time to comment on it. I will respond to your comment as soon as possible! Muchas gracias por darle un vistazo a mi blog y por comentar sobre el. Le responderé a su comentario tan pronto posible!

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